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19 Zulq'ida 1443 AH - June 19 2022 Issue # 25, Newsletter #1972



Rebuttal of the Saudi-UAE Narrative
Does Islam Teach the Wife to Obey the Husband?

Q & A
Does Islam say that the Wife Should Obey the Husband? Why are Marriages under Stress?

Several readers have pointed to Saudi-linked lists which are propagating the claim that according to Islam, the wife should Obey the husband. The Saudi-influenced scholars are saying that if a wife leaves the house for any reason, she must ask her husband's permission. They say that even the woman's voice is "awrah" and should not be heard. If she travels, she must be accompanied by her husband or a male relative. What do the Qur'an and the Hadith really say?

Answer by Br. Kaukab Siddique: We must realize that according to the Qur'an, authority belongs to ALLAH ALONE. [1] Any attempt to give authority to any human being is SHIRK, which is the only sin Allah does not forgive.

The Qur'an is a progressive revelation which went through stages of development of the Muslim woman and the Muslim male. In the final analysis, male-female relations in Islam are based on TAQWA [Fear of Allah, God-conscious behavior], not on gender. [2]

In the FINAL revelation about men and women, the Qur'an proclaimed without ambiguity that the believing men and women are EACH OTHER'S protecting friends and guardians, not the woman under the domain of the male. [3]

The Qur'an proclaimed the EQUALITY of men and women even in such an advanced, complex, and cooperative venture as jihad.[4]

Allah Almighty categorically places men and women TOGETHER in ALL aspects of Islamic endeavor, without the slightest shade of inferiority for women. [5]

The Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, took an oath of allegiance from women which covered their entire existence but does not include obedience to the husband. [6]

In the earliest stage of the Muslim community in Madinah, Muslim men were given the authority to discipline their wives in cases of sexual misconduct [without causing any significant hurt], but this was taken away at the next stage when in cases of alleged sexual misconduct, all that a man could do was to swear that he was telling the truth. If the wife took a similar oath, the marriage would be dissolved. [7]

Most apologist Muslims focus on this early development in Islam and ignore the rest of the Qur'an.

In times of insecurity and war, in long journeys, the Prophet, pbuh, ordained that a woman should travel with her husband or a male relative. This was meant to help the woman and to provide security, not to put the woman under the control of her husband. The issue of travel is used by some scholars to argue that the wife must obey the husband. There is a whole series of omissions, either dishonest or out of ignorance, carried out to use this issue. The following Hadith is quoted:

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel except with a Mahram." [Bukhari]

However, that is not the complete Hadith. Here it is with the key words in bold type: The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to travel for one day and night except with a Mahram." [Bukhari]

One day and night connotes a long journey. Nowadays, one can travel halfway around the world in a day and a night. This is certainly not about a woman going shopping or to meet her friends down in the city. In those days, it was dangerous, and one could lose life, goods and honor to bandits on the way. There were no highways or electric lights on the sandy desert.

However, the misuse of Hadith does not end there. These scholars do not note the context and do not let anyone know that restrictions were put on males too. Here are the relevant Hadith:

The Prophet, pbuh, said: "Travel is a kind of punishment. It limits food, drink and sleep. When you have completed the requirements of travel, return quickly to your family." [Bukhari and Muslim.]

The Prophet Muhammad, pbuh, spent much of his life in Madinah in jihad. He traveled extensively for jihad and hence there are numerous hadith about travel and its rules. It's a shame for modern Muslims [such as the Saudi elites] who have never even spoken against the oppressors, let alone gone for jihad, that they should be using the words of the greatest liberator of women, Muhammad Mustafa, pbuh, to try and subjugate women.

When a man went out for a journey, his life was often in danger. Here is another Hadith on the subject which stops men from going forth alone:

The messenger of Allh, pbuh, said: "A horseman going alone is satanic. If there are two going by themselves, they are two satans. and three is the proper [recommended] caravan." [Sunan of Abu Dawood and Sunan of Nasa'i]

The messenger of Allah, pbuh, said; "If people knew what I know about the bad aspects of traveling alone, no one would travel alone at night." [Sahih Bukhari]

The Islamic solution, the Prophet, pbuh, gave was excellent but we Muslims have forgotten it. Where possible, especially where satanic forces are at work, Muslims should travel in groups, even if these are very small groups, and the traveling should be well organized:

The messenger of Allah, pbuh, said: "When three of you travel, make one of your companions the ameer." [Sunan of Abu Dawood]

We are living in times where travel conditions are being affected by the antagonistic activities of our enemies. So go forth prepared:

Someone asked the messenger of Allah: "O messenger of Allah, I have the intention of travel. Please advise me. He [the messenger, pbuh,} replied: "The fear and awareness of Allah [taqwa] should always be with you, and at every high point [in the journey] say takbeer!" [Sunan of Tirmidhi]. [8]

So, if obedience to the husband is not a part of Islam, how should the family be organized? Wouldn't there be chaos if there is no "captain" of the team? This argument ignores the Islamic principle of organization which is called SHOORA or mutual consultation leading to decision making based on discussion, consent and consensus. There is a chapter of the Qur'an titled Shoora. Allah ordains in this chapter that ALL matters of Muslim activity must be carried out by mutual consultation and consent. [9]

Even the Prophet, pbuh, divinely inspired as he was, received the command to consult with the believers. [10]

Maulana Maudoodi's tafsir [commentary] on the verse of Shoora is the best among all tafsirs. Here is the key excerpt:

"...Mutual consultation [shoora] is an essential requirement of the moral character Islam wants to teach the human being. Evasion of shoora is a major immorality which islam can never permit. The Islamic way of life requires that the principle of shoora should be used in all social relationships, big or small. In domestic life, the husband and the wife should do mutual shoora and when children grow up, they too should be included in the family shoora. When matters of the entire extended family are involved, all the sane and adult family members should be involved. If an entire tribe or clan is to be affected and all of them cannot be in the shoora process, by an agreed upon method their representatives should be included in a tribal majlis. If an entire nation is involved, the leader of the nation should be chosen by the will of the people and should manage national affairs with the help of the shoora members whom the nation considers trustworthy...." [Tafhimul Qur'an, vol.4, p.509]

In Islam, the husband and the wife are each other's friends and comrades. It's not a relationship of dominance and submission. Communication and discussion are the keys to successful Islamic marriage. Attempts at dominance and control are bound to create stress and the slow deterioration of the relationship, however well it might have started.

Men often do not listen to the nuances of what the wife says. Muhammad, pbuh, did. Women communicate differently from men. The Prophet, pbuh, knew that. Let's follow his example. One won't find him , in ALL of Hadith literature, trying to suppress and subordinate 'Ayesha, r.a., or any other woman.

Textual notes: [Emphasis added.]

  1. "Say: For me, I have an obvious sign from my Lord, but you reject it. What you would see hastened is not in my power. Authority belongs to Allah alone. He declares the Truth, and He is the best of Judges." [The Qur'an 6:57.]
    "Men are then returned to Allah, their Protector, the Reality. Authority belongs to Him Alone. and He is the swiftest in taking account." [6:62]

    [Yusuf, pbuh, said] "If not Him, ye worship nothing but names which ye have named - ye and your fathers - for which Allah has sent you no ruling: Authority is for None but Allah; He has commanded that ye worship none but Him; that is the right religion, but most people understand not." [12:40]

    [Jacob, pbuh, said] "O my sons! enter not all by one gate: enter ye by different gates. Not that I can benefit you against Allah! None has authority other than Allah. On Him do I put my trust, and let all that trust put their trust on Him." [12:67.]

    "And He is Allah: there is no god but He! To Him be praise at the first and at the last! To Him belongs Authority and to Him shall ye all be brought back." [28:70]

    [Notice that even Prophets like Jacob and Yusuf have no authority. There is no question of an ordinary person like the husband having authority.]

    [Some translators use the word "command' for hukm or Authority but that is an incorrect translation. Command is 'Amr. However hukm has other uses too depending on the Qur'anic context.]

  2. "O mankind! We created you from male and female and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other. Surely the noblest of you with Allah are the ones among you who are best in conduct [taqwa]. Surely Allah is All Knowing, Aware." [49:13]

  3. "The believers, men and women are protectors and guardians [awliyya] of each other. They enjoin what is just and forbid what is evil: they establish prayer , give zakat regularly, and they obey Allah and His messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy, for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. Allah has promised the believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions, in Gardens of everlasting bliss. But the greatest Bliss is the Pleasure of [acceptance by] Allah. That is the supreme felicity." [9:71-72]

    [Commentators agree that these were the final verses revealed on this subject.]

  4. "And their Lord has accepted of them and answered them: 'Never will I allow to be lost the efforts of any of you, be ye male or female: Ye are from each other. Those [men and women] who left their homes, or have been driven out from there or suffered injuries in My cause, or fought or been slain, - surely, I will blot out from their sins and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing beneath, - a reward from the presence of Allah, and from His Presence is the best of rewards.' " [3:195]

  5. The Qur'an 33:35

  6. 60:12

  7. 4:34. Modernists have expended much energy on this verse, in trying to change its meaning. They forgot that the Qur'an was revealed progressively over two decades. If this progression is not taken into account, one can be involved in tahrif [distortion] of the Qur'an, a deadly sin. For instance, see the next development of the husband-wife relationship in 24:6-9, where the husband is no longer called on to discipline his wife. [Islam followed a similar progression in dealing with intoxicants, interest and jihad.]

  8. For the sake of Islam, women often traveled alone, as in the first hijra to Ethiopia and the great hijra to Yathrib.

  9. The Qur'an, chapter 42, verse 38.

  10. 3: 159



Triple Price Increase.
PDM, PPP, PTI not very Different.

by Qaiser Sharif

Peshawar: June 16:Jamaat-e-Islami Emir Sirajul Haq has said the government dropped another bomb on the nation on Wednesday midnight by making third massive raise in fuel prices in a month.

Sitting in the air-conditioned rooms of hilly Islamabad, the rulers were bent upon sucking every drop of blood from the bodies of poor people, he added while addressing a press conference at JI KP headquarters here on Thursday.

The unity government of the PDM and the PPP, he said, was continuation of the policies of the PTI regime. And the most surprising fact was that the rulers of three parties were still telling the people they were the solution to the problems of Pakistan, he said.

"They [rulers] are not the solution to the problems rather they are fully responsible to the crises which the country has been facing for long years."

The three parties (the PML-N, the PPP and the PTI) had pushed the country to the prevailing situation due to ill-conceived policies. They, he added, promoted corruption, nepotism and accumulated wealth for their coming generations, depriving the masses from the basic needs of life. Sitting on the heaps of wealth, he said, they were continuously making false claims and telling lies to the public. On one side, he said, 85 percent population of Pakistan was forced to drink contaminated water, millions of children were out of schools due to poverty, millions of educated youth was jobless and over 80 million people were living below the poverty lines and on the other side ruling elite was taking Rs2600 billion subsidy from the government. Over 12 to 14 hours load shedding continued in all over the country and a single bread price had gone to Rs20, he regretted.

This nation, he said, had not needed the money from the IMF rather the funds went to the pockets of rulers who then laundered it and sent to their bank accounts abroad. The nation, he said, had to get rid of the three parties and vote for the capable and honest people who felt the pain of Pakistan and its people. He rejected the budget and hike in fuel prices and announced to launch train march against the anti-poor policies of the rulers from June 25.

War News

 War News

Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso

Al Jazeera is reporting big expansion of Islamic State attacks.

Non governmental sources tell al Jazeera that ISIS has become strong enough to attack on three frontiers hundreds of miles apart:
  1. Mali
  2. Mali-Niger border
  3. Burkina Faso

Government forces killed several hundred suporters of ISIS but now Islamic fighters are killing supporters of the the three governments.

France is retreating and being replaced by Russian private army.

Grinding war continues.
Hundreds killed on both sides.
Russian army .steadily advancing,
Ukraine counterattacking, wants more weapons


Scattered fighting in North Waziristan. Ugly incidents in Baluchistan.


Russian, US & Turkish Forces Reinforced.

June 19. SOHR reports that following a prison break near al-Raqqah city, a number of ISIS prisoners escaped.

Assad regime troops and Fath al-Mubeen Islamic group exchanged heavy fire in Jabal al-Akrad [Latakia province].

Factional fighting between groups supporting Turkey are reported. Two civilians killed 4 wounded.

June 18. Assad regime snipers killed one opposition fighter and injured another on Idlib border.

Turkish artillery hit SDF positions in Tel Tamr area [Hasakeh province]

American helicopter force captured an ISIS suspect in Hasakeh countryside.

Assads artillery shelled 6 villages in western Aleppo province.

In an attack by Jaish al-Nasr Islamic group, 3 of Assad's troops and an officer were killed in Sahl al-Ghab [west of Hama].

June 17. ISIS fighters killed an SDF man in al-Basirah city.

In al-Hawl refugee camp two women were killed in fighting with ISIS women.

Five Palestinian militia organized by Russia were killed in ISIS ambush near Palmyra city.

Further east in the Homs desert ISIS killed 9 Iranian-Assad troops
June 15. Assad forces used artillery to kill 5 opposition fighters in Idlib countryside.

In Deraa province gunmen killed an Assad soldier and a civilian.

[SOHR has disclosed that the ISIS activist captured in an American helicopter attack near Turkish border in Aleppo province was not a top official but the son of a former Sharia official. This incident was heavily publicized in American media as a success by Biden. The American helicopters retreated after facing gunfire from numerous ISIS fighters in the area whom the Americans wanted to capture. ]

News Within the U.S.

 News within the US

[imagine what a write up hijabi sister Allison would have received if she were a non-Muslim fighting Russia in Ukraine. - NT]

7 Jun 2022
US woman accused of leading all-female ISIL unit pleads guilty

US Justice Department says more than '100 women and young girls' received military training from Allison Fluke-Ekren.

An American woman accused of leading an all-female ISIL (ISIS) battalion has pleaded guilty in United States court to conspiring to provide material support to a "terrorist" organisation.

Allison Fluke-Ekren entered her plea at a federal courtroom in Northern Virginia near Washington, DC. She faces up to 20 years in Jail, the US Justice Department said.

"Over 100 women and young girls, including as young as 10 or 11-years-old, received military training from Fluke-Ekren in Syria on behalf of ISIS," the US Department of Justice said in a statement on Tuesday.

Fluke-Ekren, who had been captured in Syria, was brought to the US late in January to face charges. She will be sentenced on October 25.

"Fluke-Ekren sought to motivate her trainees by explaining how female fighters can ensure the Islamic State is kept alive by 'helping ISIS expand and to remain' through the use of weapons, including automatic firing AK-47 assault rifles, grenades, and suicide belts packed with explosives," the Justice Department said on Tuesday.

A criminal complaint dated 2019, which was unsealed earlier this year, cited the testimonies of several witnesses who told US officials that Fluke-Ekren discussed waging attacks in the US and had translated ISIL material into English.

"According to a witness, in or about late 2016, the 'Wali' (or ISIS-appointed mayor) of Raqqa, Syria, allegedly permitted the opening of the 'Khatiba Nusaybah,' which was a military battalion comprised solely of female ISIS members who were married to male ISIS fighters," the Department of Justice said in a statement in January.

"Shortly thereafter, Fluke-Ekren allegedly became the leader and organizer of the battalion."

It added that the all-women brigade was active during the 2017 siege of Raqqa, ISIL's de facto capital and one of its last territorial strongholds until the Syrian city was seized by the US-backed, Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

US authorities said the unit offered medical and physical training as well as weapon preparation courses, some of which were taught by Fluke-Ekren herself.



Person -to -Person.

Masjid ISWA, Silver Spring [ 30 miles south of Baltimore]
It's a beautiful masjid with a golden dome and a tall minaret.

The Juma'a Khutba was about Prophet's. pbuh, marriage with Khadija, r.a. very relevant to Muslim marriages today. There was a big crowd.

After the juma', a 6 -page Jamaat al-Muslimeen document selected from New Trend was given to 75 Muslims. It was an extremely hot day, 100 degrees, but the crowd was very receptive.]

The topics in the six pages were:

  1. Kashmir & Indian aggression. [Dr. Firoz]

  2. Muslim world's issues which a masjid should explain. [Dr. Kaukab Siddique]

  3. Genetics does not support racism. [Dr. T.]

  4. Voices of Uighur Muslim women. [Cornell University.]

  5. Palestine & Israeli propaganda. [New Trend viewpoint]

  6. Background to suffering of Rohingya Muslims. [Dr. Abdul Malik Mujahid

Guidance by Sis. Yasmin.
'As Salaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatahu.'

'On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can bear.
It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns.
Our Lord condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord, lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us;
Our Lord, lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear.
blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness.
have mercy on us.
Thou art our protector; help us against those who stand against faith.'

[Source~Qur'an~Surat al Baqarah (the Cow)~2~A # 286 ]

‎'Allah Never throws you deeper than you can go.
He throws you from such a height where
He knows yes, you may fall...
gain a few scratches, and open some wounds, but He also knows...
how much 'sabr' tolerance and will power you have to stand back up {!}

Yes we all complain, moan and cry saying
'Why Me'... {?}
but why do we forget that
This Life is a Test !
Allah is making you, not breaking you.
Allah is by your side...!
He is your Shadow and your Guiding Light..."

The Prophet [Sal-Allâhu Alayhi wa Sallam] said...
'The example of the one who remembers (glorifies the Praises of) his Lord (Allâh), in comparison to the one who does not remember his Lord, is that of a living creature compared to a dead one.'
[Source~ Sahih Al-Bukhari]
~ My 'Salaams' to all ~
~ Y a s m i n ~
'All that is on earth will Perish. But will abide {Forever}
the Face of thy LORD, full of Majesty, Bounty and Honor'
{'Qur'an'- Surah Al-Rahman-55.26-27 }
Say, 'Indeed, my Prayer, my Rites of Sacrifice,
my Living and my Dying are for ALLAH, Lord of the Worlds'.
{'Qur'an'~Surat Al-'An'am -# 6-162.}
{'In Shaa Allah'~'Aameen'}
I Want to Die With my Forehead on the Ground!
The Sunnah in my Heart, Allah on my Mind,
Qur'an on my Tongue, and Tears in my Eyes!
{ 'In Shaa Allah'~'Aameen'~}


Occupation forces attack Palestinian workers near Tulkarm

TULKARM, Sunday, June 19, 2022 (WAFA) - Israeli occupatio

n forces today attacked scores of Palestinian workers near the Israeli segregation barrier south of the city of Tulkarm in the north of the West Bank, as the former were heading to their workplaces inside Israel, according to witnesses.

Soldiers reportedly chased the workers and attacked them with teargas near the Tayibe military checkpoint, causing many cases of suffocation from gas inhalation among the workers.

Palestinian workers in the occupied West Bank usually opt for alternative routes to avoid overcrowding at major Israeli checkpoints in their daily journey to their workplaces, and are often attacked by Israeli soldiers whenever they try to cross the Israeli segregation barrier.


Civil Discord Show


Second Wave of Protests in Bangladesh

Tens of thousands protested against Indian blasphemy related to Prophet Muhammad, pbuh.

They carried placards saying, "We Love Muhammad, pbuh."

They demand ban on Indian goods and expulsion of Indian diplomats and condemned mistreatment of Muslim in India. [June 17]


International Concern about China's Oppression.

14 Jun 2022
Dozens of countries have voiced concern about alleged abuses in China's far western Xinjiang region, and demanded that the United Nations rights chief publish a long-delayed report on the situation there.
[al Jazeera]

"We continue to be gravely concerned about the human rights situation in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region," Paul Bekkers, the Dutch ambassador to the UN in Geneva, told the UN Human Rights Council on Tuesday.

US slams China's effort to 'manipulate' UN envoy's Xinjiang visit

Xi defends China's record during talks with UN human rights chief

What will the UN see as it finally visits China's Xinjiang?

Delivering a joint statement on behalf of 47 countries, Bekkers pointed to a number of "credible reports" indicating that more than one million Uighurs and other Muslim minorities have been arbitrarily detained. Beijing has admitted that there are camps but that they are "vocational skills training centres" and necessary to tackle "extremism".

"There are reports of ongoing widespread surveillance, discrimination against Uighurs and other persons belonging to minorities," he said.

The Chinese government spokesperson responded to the statement condemning the Netherlands and other countries for "spreading lies and rumours to attack China." "We categorically reject these allegations" spokesperson Chen Xu said angrily, calling the questioning "attempts to engage in political manipulation". Ambassador Xu also hailed the Bachelet visit insisting that it had "enhanced her understanding of China's path of human rights development". He also said that the "hyped-up-so-called" Xinjiang report violated her mandate and should not be published at all.

The Uyghur Muslim community in exile has extensively spoken about the atrocities the people in East Turkestan continue to face. A BBC report published last month showed hacked files that contain over 5,000 photographs taken by the police of over 2,000 laypeople who were reportedly detained.

 Remember Prisoners

Prisoner of the week:

USP Marion
P.O. BOX 1000
MARION, IL 62959

Good News
Br. Ahmed Abdel Sattar
has been released after many years.
Totally innocent brother of Egyptian origin
is back with his family.

Please write letters of care and compassion to:

Imam Jamil al-Amin

Dr. Aafia Siddiqui

Zayed Yaghi

Imam Siddique Abdullah Hasan

Political Prisoners :

 Think About It

Highly documernted
just received

Dissecting the Holocaust
by Germar Rudolf
600 pages.

Remembering Ernst Zundel.
He openly challenged the biggest Israeli myth.

That these are the opening lyrics of a popular song illustrates that even in the age of deceit and censorship we live in, this concept is still deeply ingrained in the psyche of people throughout the world.

The story told by the latest addition to our catalog is proof positive that this isn't just an epic-sounding axiom, but that it's a demonstrably true statement. In this new volume, you will learn the incredible true story of the second trial of Ernst Zundel . . . a day of infamy in the annals of the free world in which history has recorded that it was not just an embattled free speech activist who was on trial that unforgettable day, but the very official narrative of the Holocaust for which he was being criminally prosecuted for questioning.



From Br. Abu Talib:

Please help the orphans in


Gambia and


[We have also received pictures of the children.

Please appeal against the bombing of Somalia.

Tell Ilhan Omar to speak against the bombing in Somalia.
Why is she visiting Pakistan?

Biggest Rohingya Muslim Rally in Bangladesh.
We want to go home. June 19

Tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees participated in rallies at dozens of camps in southeast Bangladesh - Copyright AFP Tanbir MIRAJ

Tens of thousands of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh staged demonstrations on Sunday demanding repatriation back to Myanmar, where they fled a brutal military crackdown five years ago.

Almost a million Rohingya are confined to bamboo and tarpaulin shacks in 34 squalid camps in southeast Bangladesh, with no work, poor sanitation and little access to education.

Their increasingly restrictive host country has banned them from holding rallies since they staged a massive 100,000-strong protest in August 2019.

But authorities allowed several groups of Rohingya to hold simultaneous "Go Home" marches and rallies ahead of World Refugee Day on Monday.

"We don't want to stay in the camps. Being refugees is not easy. It's hell. Enough is enough. Let's go home," top Rohingya community leader Sayed Ullah said in a speech at one rally.

In 2018, investigators from a United Nations fact-finding mission into the killings and forced mass exodus of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar concluded that a criminal investigation and prosecution was warranted of top Myanmar generals for crimes against humanity and genocide.

Sunday's demonstrations come after the foreign secretaries of Bangladesh and Myanmar last week held a meeting — their first in nearly three years — by video conference.

A Bangladesh foreign ministry official told AFP that during the meeting Dhaka pressed Naypyidaw for the repatriation of Rohingya refugees to start this year.

"We are hopeful the repatriation will start after the monsoon this year at least in a limited scale," he said on condition of anonymity.

Police said thousands of refugees, including young children, joined the marches and rallies, standing on roads and alleys with placards that read "Enough is Enough! Let's Go Home".

"Over 10,000 Rohingya took part in the rally in the camps under my jurisdiction," police official Naimul Haque told AFP, referring to Kutupalong, the largest refugee settlement in the world.

Police and organisers said more than 1,000 Rohingya took part in each of the rallies in at least 29 camps.

Authorities deployed extra security in the camps to prevent any violence, Haque said, adding that the demonstrations "passed off peacefully".

- No guarantees -

Previous repatriation attempts have failed, with Rohingya refusing to go home until Myanmar gives the largely Muslim minority guarantees of rights and security.

With a dialect similar to that spoken in Chittagong in southeast Bangladesh, the Rohingya are seen by many in Myanmar as "illegal immigrants", a characterisation the community does not agree with.

Rohingya leaders say they want to go back to their original villages in the Rakhine state of Myanmar, not to camps that Myanmar's government has built for internally displaced people.

Refugee Rahmat Ullah, 69, said he wants to go back home.
"We are Rohingya, not Bengalis. We want repatriation with full rights restored," he told AFP.

Young refugee Mohammad Haris said he does not want to "die a refugee".

"I want my rights. I want to go home where I can study and think of a future," he said.

Read more:

2022-06-20 Mon 15:01:03 ct