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23 Rabi al awwal 1443 AH - October 31 2021 Issue # 44, Newsletter #1939


 Dr Kaukab Siddique

Ghana is Leading Africa

Jamaat al-Muslimeen notes that BBC and the Anglican church in UK are attacking Ghana's new bill against LGBTQ.

Here are a couple of quotes:

"Gay sex is already punishable in the West African nation with a prison term of three years.

The bill seeks to increase jail terms to up to a decade and force some to undergo "conversion therapy", where attempts are made to change people's sexuality.

It also make cross-dressing and public displays of same-sex affection punishable by fines or detention, and makes the distribution of material deemed pro-LGBT by news organisations or websites illegal."

BBC is shocked to note that 34 African countries have criminalized homosexuality.


 Pakistan Flag

Imran Regime decided to negotiate.

October 31. The latest news is that large numbers of TLP activists are sitting at Wazirabad. The government has brought several thousand troops to bar TLP's route to Islamabad. Large parts of eastern Punjab are in conditions of collapse of commercial life with trains, buses and other forms of mobility at a stand still. Social media are suspended. Thousands have been arrested..

The government has stopped its propaganda campaign and is claiming that all of TLP demands have been met after hours of negotiation. Its not clear what happened about the demand against France.

War News

 War News


October 26. Gunmen in Lakki Marwat [Khyber province] killed 4 policemen,
Another policeman was killed in the Bannu area.

Two soldiers were killed by fighters in Khurram district.


October 30. Iraqi troops known as Peshmarga fell into an ISIS ambush north of Kirkuk. Losses being concealed.
October 26.

ISIS raiders killed 6 people in Miqdadiya district [Diyala province] and then attacked regime troops arriving on the scene killing 15.


Ongoing Bombing, Shelling and Clashes. Death & Destruction
October 31
Massive Assad regime forces including Tanks, artillery, rocket launchers and numerous troops arrived in the El-Bab area [eastern Aleppo province]. The Assad forces were escorted by Russian helicopters. [SOHR report] Other Assad reinforcements arrived in tyhe Ain Aissa area facing Syrian fighters with Turkish backing.

Russian air strikes hit refugee camps near the Turkish border north of Idlib.

Iranian-backed militias entered Idlib province and killed 21 civilians including 7 children.

ISIS attacked Shia militias from Lebanon and Iraq in eastern Hama province killing 8 militia and injuring several others. In a Separate attack Isis fighters killed 4 Shia militia and injuring others/ [Hammadi el-Omar area. [In a third ISIS attack near Palmyra [eastern Homs[ 5 militia were killed and 2 of their cars destroyed].

West of Aleppo

In al-Suwaida city, gunmen kidnaped an Assad regime military officer and a regime police officer.

Heavy gunfire was exchanged between Syrian fighters [pro-Turkey] in west Aleppo province, southern Idlip north-western Hama province.

Russia launched air strikes to support 40 shells fired by Assad troops.

Islamic groups arrived near Tel Abyad on the Turkish border supported by Turkish shell fire.

October 30.

In Deraa province an official in Assad's military security service by gunmen. A supporter of the security service was killed in a separate incident.

In the Hama countryside a sniper killed an Assad regime soldier.

October 25. A US drone strike killed a former commander of ISIS in the Tal Abyad area. A second US drone strike killed an al-Qaida activist in the Ras al-Ain area. ;Both areas are on the Turkish border]

An Israeli air strike killed 5 Lebanese hizb fighters near Damascus.

Clashes in Latakia between Syrian HTS group and Jihadi Chechen groups led to 4 HTS and 7 Chechen killed.

News Within the U.S.

 News within the US

Protestors Broke through Barricades in Brooklyn.
by Sis. Aisha
[Jamaat al-Muslimeen]

Sunday, October 24th, was the Brooklyn Nets' home-opening basketball game. However, the Barclay's Center arena had to briefly halt the admission of fans to prevent protestors from gaining entrance. There were barricades set up and some protestors broke through them in an effort to enter the arena.

Organizers included Hank Newsome (Black Lives Matter), Rev. Kevin McCall, and Teachers for Choice. The media is describing it as a large crowd. Many protestors were chanting, "Let Kyrie Play." But, many of the protestors said that they were protesting the COVID-19 vaccine mandate, in general.

Although a loophole allows Kyrie Irving to practice and play outside of New York, the Nets organization decided they did not want a part-time player. Kyrie has been banned until he gets at least one COVID-19 vaccine shot.

One fan criticized Kyrie Irving's unvaccinated status saying that he should trust science. While there may be some junk science involved, such as suggestions that the vaccine is a part of a mind-control experiment, there are other common-sense reasons the unvaccinated are so skeptical about getting the shot:

It does not take an in-depth knowledge of science to question some of the above red flags about the COVID-19 vaccine. People have a right to question these red flags and avoid getting vaccinated until their concerns about it have been addressed.

(Source: & AOL News)



Genetic disease is ravaging small counties in Pennsylvania where the Amish live due to generations of Inbreeding.

New Trend staff comment: A few months ago [August 2021, Newsletter #1929] New Trend shared the disturbing story published by Cosmopolitan about the Amish religious communities in America and their high rate of rape, incest, abuse and wicked methods they have for silencing of victims. Physicians and scientists have known about these conditions for decades and have been studying the genetic damage that exists because of their long, documented history of inbreeding.

Pennsylvania - Soon after birth, Daniel and Rebecca Stoltzfus's first child fell ill.

Fearing pneumonia, her parents rushed her to a hospital where she later died.

Testing revealed Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID), a rare genetic disease, as the cause of death.

The condition, an inherited disorder of the immune system known colloquially as "the bubble boy disease," is present in roughly one in every 40,000 to 70,000 live births in the U.S., according to the National Institutes of Health.

But in the Stoltzfus home, the rate is one-in-four. "We have 12 children and three of them ended up having SCID," Daniel Stoltzfus said.

For the Stoltzfuses, their children and thousands of Amish like them, the odds are centuries in the making and rooted in something called the "founder effect."

It exists at the unlikely intersection of random chance and deliberate community planning: The result of generations of intermarriage, genetic drift and the biological bottleneck those factors have spawned.

In Lancaster County, where the Stoltzfuses live, the first Amish arrived from Switzerland between 1737 and 1767.

They sought to trade the religious schism in Europe at the time for Pennsylvania, William Penn's New Eden of planned tolerance.

And while the insular communities that followed allowed the religious sect to thrive and its practices to go largely unchanged for generations, they presented biological risks that only worsened over time as the population expanded but its genetic profile didn't.

Currently, more than 50,000 Lancaster County Amish can trace their lineage to just 80 ancestors, less than a tenth of what that number would be outside of the religious community in the 250 years, or 10 generations, since its founding.

Fewer ancestors mean more sharing of genetic material and any genetic defects -- the same linked to potentially fatal hereditary diseases like SCID -- contained therein.

Meanwhile, genetic defects not found in the settler population remain locally non-existent.

This is the founder effect, and evidence of it has been found in Amish and Mennonite populations from Pennsylvania and Ohio to Ontario, Canada.

In Lancaster County, the resulting rash of certain childhood diseases and birth defects drew the attention of a Philadelphia medical fellow who, tracing them to the Amish here, began a project that would alter the course of genomic science, medicine and this community forever.

He called it the Clinic for Special Children.

The human costs

Bunker Hill Road snakes along the low, marbled hills of Strasburg like a mule path.

It stretches between the outbuildings of large animal farms, and snaps like a bullwhip in the corners, where the edges of those farms force the road, and drivers, to go around.

At the end of a rutted dirt driveway jutting off to the south, the Clinic for Special Children -- a large, wood-framed building hidden behind the tree line -- has drawn a crowd for a planned community day.

Amish and Mennonite families, including the Stoltzfuses, are there, along with doctors and specialists in pediatric and genomic medicine.

The juxtaposition is startling: Old Order Amish mingling with the vanguards of modern medicine. Shunners of technology in a building brimming with some of the finest examples the 21st century has to offer.

But here, the "men of science" and "men of God," share a history.

They share an icon, too.

His name is Dr. D. Holmes Morton.

Morton, a Harvard Medical School graduate, was working at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in the late 1980s when the first cases involving Amish children from nearby Lancaster County came through his door.

Dr. Holmes Morton

By all accounts Morton grew obsessed with explaining them and in 1989 he and his wife, Caroline, moved to Strasburg to be on the front lines. The clinic was opened soon thereafter.

Morton's first casework involved a group of 16 Amish children diagnosed with "Amish cerebral palsy," until then a fringe medical mystery with no known cause.

Morton determined all but one shared GA1 or Glutaric Aciduria, Type 1, an inherited metabolic disorder that leads to a build up of potentially harmful acids in the blood. Unchecked, it can prompt a metabolic stroke that leaves Amish children paralyzed or "locked-in" -- able to think and feel, but not to speak or move.

The condition is present in one in 400 Amish births in Lancaster County, and almost non-existent outside of it.

Through the clinic's development of new diagnostic tools and treatments, as well as its groundbreaking use of genetic mapping, Morton was able to zero-out what was once a 93 percent injury rate.

He did the same with Maple Syrup Urine Disease, a recessive and potentially fatal metabolic disorder named for the sweetish odor it lends to bodily fluids like urine and earwax.

Before the clinic, the disease carried a 60 percent morbidity rate with local Mennonites -- 1 in 100 of whom are born with it, compared to 1 in 180,000 worldwide.

The clinic has since treated more than 110 Mennonite children and eliminated the death rate altogether.

[Excerpted from an ariticle by Colin Deppen]

Invitation to Think

 Invitation to Think

Outburst of Anti-Muslim Attacks in India
[via Dr. Firoz Kamal]

15 Mosques Attacked in Tripura, India
Hindutva Mobs launch attack on Indian Muslims in India's North Eastern State Tripura.

These violent Hindutva mobs are empowered by government silence and police inaction. Indian Muslims are calling on the international community to speak for them and help stop the persecution before it turns into a full-scale ethnic cleansing in India.

Five new cases of religious persecution occurred in September 2021:

A Christian pastor was beaten by supporters of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the state of Chattisgarh;

Raid on the home & offices of Harsh Mander, an activist and former bureaucrat;

Indian Muslim preacher Maulana Kaleem Siddiqui who has been "taken into custody" on the charge of "suspicious activities";

Attack on Hyderabad MP Asaduddin Owaisi's Delhi home by members of the Hindu Sena group; and Demolition of homes in Assam & killings by police
Murder of a young man murdered in Karnataka

The case of Pastor Harish Sahu - Sept 5, 2021

In the state of Chhattisgarh, a Christian pastor, Harish Sahu, was beaten for allegedly engaging in forced religious conversions. On a complaint filed with the police, Pastor Harish Sahu was called in for questioning to the Purani Basti police station. At the station, he was beaten by a mob that was present there. This follows an incident, about a week earlier, in which Pastor Kawalsingh Paraste was attacked in lbjoo by a mob of more than 100 people.

Manish Sahu and Sanjay Singh, two members of the Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM) which is the BJP's youth wing were held responsible for carrying out the attack and arrested. However, the BJYM state unit argued that the police were behaving in a biased manner, and declared that they would soon call for a state-wide protest against the police.

This demonstrates a serious degradation of the respect of the law and of law-keeping agencies in India. BJP aligned individuals and mobs are increasingly acting with a sense of immunity from being answerable or being held accountable by state agencies meant to uphold the law.

Raid on home and offices of Harsh Mander - Sept. 16, 2021

India's Enforcement Directorate raided the home and offices of respected activist Harsh Mander. Mander and his wife had left just that morning to join a fellowship at the Bosch Institute in Germany. The raids were conducted under the guise of suspicion of money laundering. Mander is a former bureaucrat from the Indian Administrative Services but has been openly critical of the BJP and Prime Minister Modi's divisive politics, religious persecution of minorities and of the majoritarian agenda of the Modi government. Many civil society leaders termed the raids as a tactic of harassment and intimidation. In addition to his home and office, his homes for underprivileged children were also raided. Mander is on the board of the organization running the homes.

Mander is an ardent supporter of India's secularism and the protection of religious freedoms in the country. Mander runs the organization "Karwan-e-Mohabbat" (a Caravan of Love), a countrywide campaign of solidarity with victims of communally and religiously motivated violence. This is antithetical to the Hindu-majoritarian push of the BJP, and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS); its ideological parent. We strongly believe that the latest attacks against him are because of his work on religious and other freedoms being stripped from Indian citizens.

The case of Maulana Kaleem Siddiqui - Sept. 21, 2021

Maulana Kaleem Siddiqui, an Indian Muslim cleric, was arrested in Uttar Pradesh on September 21, 2021, on charges of alleged religious conversions and "suspicious activities". Maulana Siddiqui is the President of the Global Peace Center. There have recently been many such arrests using Uttar Pradesh's anti-conversion law which was enacted in February. Critics and legal experts have stated that the law is a violation of human rights as stated in the Indian constitution. It is aimed at punishing inter-faith marriages, or "love jihad", a slogan used to propagate the conspiracy theory that Muslim men charm Hindu women into marrying them with the sole purpose of converting them to Islam. Under the law, a person who wants to convert and the individual who is performing the conversion require permission from a district magistrate. The law specifically targets inter-faith marriages and states that it can declare a marriage illegal if it were done for the sole purpose of conversion, or if a person converts in order to marry.

Attack on the home of Hyderabad MP Owais - Sept. 21, 2021

Hyderabad Member of Parliament Asaduddin Owaisi's official residence in Delhi was vandalized by members of the Hindu Sena group. Owaisi has worked towards the upliftment of minorities such as Muslims and Dalits. Owaisi stated that the vandals were armed with axes and sticks as they pelted stones at his house and destroyed the nameplate. He said the attackers came with video cameras which demonstrated how sure they were that they would escape with impunity. He stated that this was the fourth attack of its kind which showed the people responsible were "emboldened by our government". He blamed the ruling BJP party for stirring up communal hatred towards Muslims and other minorities.

Attack and demolition of protesters' homes in Assami - Sept 22, 2021

A group of Muslim villagers was protesting the order of eviction from their homes in the state of Assam. Assam has seen many demolitions of Muslim homes. The State terms many Muslims as foreign encroachers and as illegal occupants of the land. Police had shown up to carry out the eviction procedures. The police fired on villagers through the thicket. When a man rushed out with a stick in his hand, he was shot. In a particularly disturbing exhibition of hatred that has been built against these villagers, a photographer tasked with documenting the eviction was seen stomping on the man's body. Police are shown brutally assaulting the man even as he is lying on the ground motionless. The photographer, Bijay Shankar Baniya, has been arrested after there was an uproar of criticism in the country against the police action. Civil society leaders have visited the area, talked with the ones being evicted as encroachers, and have made an informed assessment that they are Indian residents.

Murder and dismemberment of Muslim young man - Sept 28, 2021

This case is directly related to the inter-faith marriage laws and the associated rhetoric that is being built in India. A young Muslim man, Arbaz Mulla was brutally murdered, his body was dismembered, and his severed head, foot, and torso were thrown on nearby railroad tracks. While police initially termed it as a suicide, his hands were tied, and the family points to a series of threats that were received by them from a group called the Ram Sena, a Hindutva-aligned group. The threats received were related to an alleged amorous affair between the young man and a Hindu girl.

Guidance by Sis. Yasmin

*Marvels of the Heart*.
" Soft words soften the Hearts that are Harder than Rock...{!} Harsh words harden hearts that are Softer than Silk "
{Source: Imam Al Ghazali - (Rahimahullah) }
" The life of the heart is, Knowledge ! so preserve it.
The death of the heart is, Ignorance ! so avoid it.
Your best provision is, True Devotion~ so provide it.'
This advice of mine is enough for you, so heed it. "
{Source: Imam Al Ghazali - (Rahimahullah) }

‎"He who knows not his heart, to watch over it and be mindful of it, and to observe what shines on it and in it of the treasures of the orld of spirits, he is one of those whom God, the Exalted, has said.'Those who forget God; and He made them to forget their own souls. Such are the rebellious transgressors.' "
[Source~'Qur'an' Surat Al-Ĥashr (The Exile) 59 A19 & Imam Al Ghazali (R)]

" Knowledge exists potentially in the human soul like the seed in the soil; by Learning the potential becomes Actual !"
{Source: Imam Al Ghazali - (Rahimahullah) }

وَلَا تَكُونُو› كَالَّذِ نَ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَأَنسَا§ُمْ أَنفُسَه¥مْ أُولَٰئِ£َ هُمُ الْفَاسِ¢ُونَ
Transliteration: Wala takoonoo kaallatheena naso Allaha faansahum anfusahum ola-ika humu alfasiqoona.

And (do) not be like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget themselves. Those [they] (are) the defiantly disobedient.
[Source ~'Qur'an'~ Surat Al-Ĥashr (The Exile) ~ 59~ A # 19]
 Sis Yasmin
~My 'Salaams' to all ~
Y a s m i n..

Hadith of the Week

Narrated by Anas, r.a.:
the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: "The parable of my Ummah is that of a rain;
it is not known if its beginning is better
or its end."

Tirmidhi, Vol. 5,
Book 42, Hadith 2869
 Sis Kristi

[With thanks to Sis. Kristi]

 Islamic Thought

Kindness & Friendship..
by Imam Badi Ali

As-slamu alaikum,
Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) says:
"Allah is Kind, and He loves kindness in all matters."
Allah is the Most Merciful and Kind. Therefore, He instructs his servants to be compassionate, forgiving, and loving.
Kindness is simple. It is seeing the good in everyone, and celebrating it - even if it's the exception!
Kindness is like snow- It beautifies everything it covers.

May Allah soften all of our hearts to be better Muslims ... Oh Allah just as you have made my external features beautiful, make my character beautiful. Ameen.

If you have a friend who helps you to obey Allah, hold onto him." -Imām Shāfi'i

O Allah surround us with righteous friends who help us remember You. *Ameen*


Interview with Gaza Leader al-Zahar

Previously it had been claimed that imprisoned Fatah Party leader Marwan Barghouti was the top priority in any prisoner swap and al-Zahar confirmed that this was true, explaining: "We are not differentiating between the Palestinian factions...the last release included a lot of people, not all of them from one side [politically]. We put down our values of who should be released, as I told you, old age, people with chronic diseases, [from] every area, every faction, every organisation and especially the people who are in urgent need to be set free - one of them [is] Marwan Barghouti."

I wanted to know what he makes of the framing, in much of the Western media, that May's war was orchestrated by Hamas in order to achieve its own aims, without considering the goals of the wider Palestinian society. "It was not Hamas, it was every organisation, everybody, every family," he explained, blaming the conflict on Israel's attacks on Palestinian worshippers at the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, which incited people to revolt. "They [Israel] violated their rights to go and to pray, to celebrate and to do the Islamic tradition, in this important third [holiest] shrine in Islam, after Mecca and Madina."

Al-Zahar also opened up about the Israeli killings of his own children, saying that he saw the remains of one of their bodies after a tank shelling. "I personally lost two of my sons," he revealed. "One, called Khaled, after one week coming back from Europe, he got a masters degree from Salford University [in Manchester, UK], they killed him in this house and they killed my last son called Hussam, they killed him by tank bomb." The seriousness with which his tone altered, when explaining this, gave a great indication of the conviction he has to the struggle of the Hamas movement against the Israelis, it was easy to tell that despite such personal sacrifices, his mentality has not faltered; in fact, it seemed as if his losses only solidified his views.

After having travelled to the occupied territories, speaking to and interviewing countless ex-prisoners who had suffered from torture and families who had lost loved ones, I noticed a very similar tone is often taken, one of unwavering belief in their cause. Often these sort of tragic events, if they don't manage to completely devastate and demoralise people, work only to further tighten their belief in the Palestinian national struggle.

When pressed on the reason behind his group using violence to achieve its goals, he replied strongly: "The principle in any country, the principle in even the that it is self-defence...[Benjamin] Netanyahu, still his father is still living in America, [Avigdor] Lieberman, his father is still living in Russia, what justifies for these people to come from every area to occupy our land and to consider it Israel? We are the real owners of this land for centuries and centuries."

"Just give me one example in history, in any country, in any area, in any era, that people that suffered from occupation allowed the occupier to continue their existence in their land?"

Everybody is looking for freedom, every country that suffered from the occupation...they had the right to defend themselves against occupation."

Asked to comment on recent tensions inside Israeli military prisons, with claims of human rights abuses against detainees, he asked, "What does international law have to say about this?" and blamed Europeans for their silence on the issue.

Does Hamas view it as Israel's responsibility to help with post-war reconstruction efforts in Gaza? Al-Zahar shrugged, stating that Israel would not help and that Hamas wanted international donors to give them the money to reconstruct. He also made it clear that he viewed Israel's blocking of reconstruction efforts as criminal.

Al-Zahar told me that in order for there to be a long-term truce with Israel, Tel Aviv must allow Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza freedom of movement and basic rights and end its siege of Gaza, which has been in place since 2007. At no point did he indicate that his organisation would step aside and agree to a long-term ceasefire, or end their armed struggle against the Israelis, unless these demands were met, commenting firmly on the resolve of the group: "We have to defend our land, to defend our people, to allow our generations to live as human beings in the future."

[excerpted from RT]


Canada's tomatoes
Canadian consumers who purchase popular tomato pastes, sauces and ketchups may actually be buying products harvested and manufactured by Uyghurs and other ethnic minorities under oppressive working conditions in China, according to a CBC Marketplace investigation.

Marketplace, in collaboration with the Investigative Reporting Project Italy — a non-profit media association — and The Guardian, found some of the world's biggest grocers, including ones here in Canada, are stocked with tomato products that could be tied to forced labour in Xinjiang, a remote area of western China where Uyghurs are subjected to mass detention, surveillance and torture by the Chinese government, in what many countries have labelled a genocide.

"This is such a moral failure on the side of these companies," said Adrian Zenz, senior fellow in China studies at the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

Zenz said the "risk of forced labour is endemic and systemic" in China's tomato industry and that "it's high time [these companies] increased their awareness."

 Social Media

New Trend via Facebook.
October 24 issue of New Trend reached 31,654 Muslims including 3792 women.

Main items:
  1. US Muslims' shoora on Taliban.
  2. Turmoil in Pakistan as Islamic activist crowds in TLP advance.
  3. Syria: ISIS attack in Assad's capital.
  4. Rape on US train [Sis. Aisha]
  5. Kashmir
  6. 14000 Nigerian women exploited in Europe, [BBC]
  7. Guidance: Prayers battle evil thoughts. [Sis. Yasmin]
  8. Suda, CAR & Ethiopia.
  9. Bangladesh: Week long anti-Hindu rallies.
  10. US baseketballer speaks against Chinese genocide,.
  11. Israel attacking Palestinian fishermen.
  12. Islam vs arrogance : Imam Badi

Political Prisoners :

Civil Discord Show



The pro-India government in Dhaka and the Indian government itself were shocked that the gentle Bengali Muslim masses were rising up against the pro-India and Hindu power structure.

In every city, town and many villages, the ordinary Muslims came out to protest. The anger resulted in some Hindu businesses and some temples being vandalized.

It took the Hasina government in Dhaka a few days to recover from shock. Muslims have been very quiet even when fake trials were held to brand Islamic scholars as "criminals." Elderly men who spent their time studying Qur'an and hadith were branded as genociders with Hindu "witnesses" and they were HANGED.

LGBTQ bloggers became very bold in their attacks on Islam.

The last straw was the Hindu desecration of the Qur'an, with the holy book being degraded during the Hindu Durga puja.

Now the Hasina government is touting conspiracy theories and trying to claim that opposition parties, especially Jamaat, were involved. Hindus in Bangladesh rallied and came out in large groups under police protection.

Hindus in India started attacking. Rallies are being held even by Hindus living in America and UK.

Indian researchers realize that the damage has been done.

The Muslims in Bangladesh are awake and alert.



Big Moves Against Western Powers & their Allies

October 30.

Sudanese Army Chief Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan on Saturday relieved three more ambassadors of their duties, local media reported.

The head of the ruling military council relieved Adil Ibrahim Mustafa, Sudan's ambassador to Turkey; Muhammed al-Emin, ambassador to the United Arab Emirates, and Usame Salahuddin, ambassador to South Africa, of their duties, Sudanese state television said.

Their dismissal comes three days after the army chief made the same decision, suspending the country's ambassadors to the US, EU, China, Qatar, France, and the head of Sudan's Geneva mission.

Burhan proclaimed a state of emergency on Monday, dissolving the transitional government and the Sovereign Council.

Before the military takeover, Sudan was administered by a sovereign council of military and civilian authorities, which was tasked to oversee the transition period until elections slated for 2023 as part of a precarious power-sharing pact between the military and the Forces for Freedom and Change coalition.

2021-11-01 Mon 14:38:48 ct